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မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ၏ ကြွယ်၀သော သစ်တော သယံဇာတများသည် အမျိုးသား စီးပွါး ရေးကို အထောက်အကူ ပြုသည့် အဓိက ကဏ္ဍတစ်ခု ဖြစ်ပါသည်။ သို့သော်လည်း သစ်တောကဏ္ဍမှ နိုင်ငံခြားငွေ ရှာဖွေ ရာတွင် သစ်လုံးများကို တင်ပို့မှုက အဓိကဖြစ်နေသည့် အတွက် ၁၉၉၉ ခုနှစ် တွင် သစ်တော ရေးရာ ဝန်ကြီးဌာနသည် နိုင်ငံခြားသို့ သစ်အလုံးလိုက် ရောင်းချခြင်းကို တစ်ဖြည်းဖြည်း လျှော့ချပြီး သစ်အခြေခံ စက်မှုကဏ္ဍကို မြှင့်တင်လျက် သစ်အချောထည်များကို တစ်ဖြည်းဖြည်းတိုးမြှင့်တင်ပို့သွားရန် နည်းဗျူဟာ လမ်းညွှန်ချက်များ ချမှတ်ခဲ့ ဆောင်ရွက်ခဲ့ပါသည်။
Burma Forest Department was first created by Mr. Colven in 1847 and then by Dr. Dietrich Brandis in 1856 during the British colonial period. Burma gained independence on the 4th of January, 1948.
After independence, Burma Forest Service was organized under U Hmann as the first Burmese Chief Conservator of Forests, and the Burma Forest Department (FD) was established terminating the services of all but five European foresters who were retained for two to three years as advisors. …..
ဤစာအုပ္တြင္သက္ဆိုင္ရာပညာရွင္မ်ား ၿပဳစုထားေသာအသံုးမ်ားမည္ဟု ယူဆသည့္ေ၀ါဟာရမ်ားကို ေကာက္ႏွဳတ္ ၍မူရင္းအတိုင္းေဖၚၿပထားပါသည္။ စီးပြါးၿဖစ္မဟုတ္ဘဲ အမ်ားၿပည္သူဗဟုသုတတိုးပြါးေစရန္ႏွင့္ သုေတသီမ်ား လြယ္လင့္တကူအသံုးၿပဳနိုင္ေစရန္ရည္ရြယ္၍ အခမဲ့ၿဖန္႔ေ၀ရန္ၿပဳစုပံုႏွိပ္ၿခင္းၿဖစ္ပါသည္။ ကိိုးကားေသာစာအုပ္ စာတန္းမ်ားကိုပူးတြဲေဖၚၿပထားပါသည္။ …
A market-led approach to community forest was piloted in Ywangan Township in 2014 through FFF funded project: “Preparing for a community forest-based enterprise “. It involved 6 CFs and had successfully established 6 village level Community Forest Products Producer Associations (CFPPAs) and a Township level CFPPA. Following the success of this project FFF funded the project: “Establishing and Strengthening CF Enterprises in Southern Shan State” in 2015. It involved 36 CFs in 5 townships including Ywangan with beneficiaries numbering 3,789 households. All necessary technical and business trainings have been conducted. The project has been able to assist the establishment of 8 new CFs, expanding 3 old CFs, and forming 36 village and 5 township level CF enterprises. . The charter of Southern Shan State CFPPA has been formulated and the creation of SSS CFPPA based on the charter is in progress.
This paper is the main output of a research project initiated by Pyoe Pin, and led by ECCDI with support from the University of East Anglia, whose aim has been to fill the gap in knowledge over the progress of Community Forestry in Myanmar through a systematic study. This paper presents the key data and findings, and offers policy recommendations based on these.
Of Myanmar‟s 67.6 m ha land area, forests currently cover around 48%, although there has been a declining trend for the last century (they covered over 65% early in the 20th Century). The declining trend is particularly dramatic for dense forests, which have more than halved in the last twenty years, from covering 45.6% of land in 1990, the single largest land use, to now just 19.9%.
The long -term decline in forests, is due to a combination of factors; change of land use (especially land hunger from the growing population), commercial timber harvesting (and the indirect effect of increasing accessibility through road construction), and also intensifying pressure on remaining forests for livelihood needs especially fuelwood.
Unleashing the potential of community forestry enterprises in Myanmar will increase local incomes and government revenues, and incentivise local people to manage and restore forests. Without enlisting the help of rural communities in these efforts, it is likely that forest loss will continue and the contribution of forests to the rural economy will continue to decline.
This report presents field research highlighting particularly promising community forestry enterprise options that can be integrated successfully with existing agricultural systems. The report urges a more concerted effort towards the government’s Forest Master Plan target of 918,000 hectares of community forestry (2.8% of the total forest area) by 2030, which are drastically behind schedule. It also recommends raising tenfold the level of government ambition by introducing a new target of allocating 25 per cent of the total area of Myanmar forest to communities – matching roughly the global average for forest controlled by local groups. Doing this by 2030 could make six million people forest user group members and make community forest enterprises a genuine engine of rural economic growth.